SAINT MIGUEL CATTLE DOG
Mrs Pamela Jeans-Brown, revised in 2006 by R. Triquet in collaboration
with Jennifer Mulholland.
DATE OF PUBLICATION
OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD
Group 2 – Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossoid breeds, Swiss Mountain and
Section 2.1 – Molossoid breeds, Dogue type.
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
A cattle dog originating in the island of Saint Miguel in the Azores,
also known as the «Cow Dog». Its history is linked to that of the now
extinct Terceira Dog. The existence of the Saint Miguel Cattle Dog has
been documented since the beginning of the 19th century.
Robust and hardy.
Slightly longer than high.
A cattle dog par excellence, it is equally a good guard dog for
properties and people. A very determined character towards strangers
but docile with its owner. Very intelligent and very receptive. While
carrying out its duties driving dairy herds it bites low to avoid
harming the cows’ udders.
However when dealing with stray cattle it may bite higher.
Strong, with parallel longitudinal axes of skull and muzzle.
Skull: Broad, square-shaped, top slightly convex, only slightly visible
Nose: Wide, black in colour.
Muzzle: Straight top line, a little shorter in length than the skull.
Slightly rounded lateral faces.
Lips: Well-pigmented, overlapping and firm. Lower profile slightly
Jaws: Very powerful and well-developed, correctly fitting. Good wide
Teeth: Complete dentition with either scissor or pincer bite.
Eyes: Oval shape, expressive, set slightly sunken and horizontal, of
medium size. Dark brown in colour.
Ears: Set above the level of the eyes; when not cropped they are of
medium size, triangular and dropping but not touching to the cheeks.
They are cropped with rounded tips in countries where ear cropping is
Straight, strong and of medium length, well set into the shoulders. No
Strong, well muscled with ample forechest.
Chest: Broad and well let down.
Loin: Medium length, broad and well muscled.
Croup: Medium length in relation to body, slightly higher than the
Underline: Lower profile rising, belly and flanks well-proportioned in
relation to body.
High set, thick, medium length and slightly curved.
Docked at the 2nd or 3rd vertebra in countries where tail docking is
FOREQUARTERS: Strong, set reasonably apart and upright.
Shoulder: Slightly open scapular-humeral angle.
Upper arm: Strong, medium length, well muscled.
Forearm: Thick and well muscled.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Strong, medium length.
Front feet: Oval with strong nails and toes.
Strong, set reasonably apart.
Upper thigh: Long, muscled; coxo-femoral angle open.
Lower thigh: Medium length, muscled.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Medium length.
Hind feet: Oval, with strong toes, not too arched.
Free and easy. On the move the dog rolls slightly at the rear.
Thick and pigmented.
HAIR: Short, smooth, dense, of harsh texture, lightly fringed on the
tail, in the anal region and the back of the thighs.
COLOUR: Fawn, pale fawn with black overlay, grey, going from light
tones to dark; always brindled; white mark permissible on the forehead
and from chin to chest; can have small white marks on both front feet
or both hind feet or on all four feet.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
Height at the withers:
Males: 50-60 cm.
Females: 48-58 cm.
Males: 25-35 kg.
Females: 20-30 kg.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be
in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and
welfare of the dog.
Head: Converging axes of skull and muzzle.
Jaws: Slightly over or undershot mouth.
Aggressive or overly shy. Diverging axes of skull and muzzle. Seriously
over or undershot mouth.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be
N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.