PORTUGUESE WARREN HOUND – PORTUGUESE PODENGO
Portuguese Kennel Club. Revised by Jennifer Mulholland and Renée
DATE OF PUBLICATION
OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD
Hunting dog, watch dog and companion dog.
Group 5 – Spitz and Primitive types.
Section 7 – Primitive type – Hunting Dogs.
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
Primitive type dog, it probably originates from the ancient dogs
brought by the Phoenicians and Romans to the Iberian Peninsula in the
Classic Antiquity. It was subsequently influenced by the introduction
of dogs accompanying the Moors in their invasions in the
8th century. It adapted to the Portuguese terrain and climate, to
become what is nowadays known as the Portuguese Warren Hound. It
evolved morphologically throughout the centuries due to its
functionality, with the small variety being selected, from the 15th
century on, as a ratter on the Caravels of the Portuguese navigators.
Quadrangular pyramidal head, with erect ears, sickle shaped tail, well
proportioned, with sound construction and well muscled; very lively and
intelligent; sober and rustic. It exists in three sizes, with two
varieties of coat: smooth and wire.
Large and Medium-sized Podengo: Almost square (Sub-mediolinear)
large or medium substance respectively. Ratio of length of body to
height at the withers: 11/10 and depth of chest to height at withers:
Small Podengo: Body slightly longer than high (Sub-longilinear),
small stature. The length of the body is slightly more than the height
at withers with a ratio – length of body/height at the withers: 6/5 and
depth of chest /height at withers: 1/2.
In all varieties, the muzzle length is less than the skull length.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT
Large Podengo: Used for hunting big game.
Medium Podengo: Also known as Warren Hound, its natural aptitude
rabbit hunter is well used, hunting either in a pack or alone.
Small Podengo: Used for searching rabbits in holes and rocks.
All varieties are also used as watch dogs and as companion dogs.
Lean and of a quadrangular pyramid shape, with large base and definite
pointed muzzle. The longitudinal superior cranium-facial axes are
Skull: Flat; almost straight in profile; prominent superciliary
scarcely perceptible frontal furrow; the area between the ears is
horizontal with prominent occipital protuberance.
Stop: Barely defined.
Nose: Tapered and obliquely truncated, prominent at the tip; of
colour than the coat.
Muzzle: Pointed; curved seen from the front, with a straight
shorter than the skull; broader at the base than at the tip.
Lips: Close fitting, thin; firm, horizontally cut and well
Jaws/Teeth: Normal with scissors bite, with solid, white teeth;
occlusion of both jaws. Full dentition in the large variety.
Cheeks: Lean and obliquely set, seen from the front.
Eyes: Very lively expression; not prominent; they are small and
with the colour ranging from honey to brown, in accordance with the
coat; lids darker than the coat colour.
Ears: Set on obliquely at the level of the eyes; straight,
high mobility; vertical or tilting slightly forward, when attentive;
pointed, wider at the base, triangular; thin, of considerable length,
more than the width at the base.
In a harmonious transition from head to body; straight; long; well
proportioned, strong and well muscled; without dewlap.
Top line: Straight, level.
Withers: Only slightly visible in relation to the neck and back.
Back: Straight and long.
Loin: Straight; broad and well muscled.
Croup: Straight or slightly sloping; medium sized; broad and
Chest: Down to the elbows; of moderate width; long, with the
rising back and up; ribs slightly sprung and inclined; forechest
neither too apparent nor too muscled and of moderate width.
Underline and belly: Slightly tucked up; lean belly and flanks.
Natural, set on rather higher than low; strong, thick and thinning to
the tip, of medium length; at rest falls slightly curved between the
buttocks down to the hocks, in action it rises horizontally either
slightly curved or vertically in sickle shape, but never curled;
fringed on the under side.
FOREQUARTERS: Upright when seen from front and sides; well
Shoulder: Long; inclined; strong and well muscled;
angle, approximately 110º.
Elbow: Parallel to the main line of the body.
Forearm: Vertical; long and well muscled.
Carpus (Pastern joint): Lean and not prominent.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Short; strong; slightly inclined.
Forefeet: Rounded; long toes, strong, tight and arched; with
preferably dark nails, tough and firm pads.
Upright when seen from back and sides; well muscled and lean; parallel
to the main body line.
Thigh: Long; of medium width; well muscled.
Stifle joint: Femur-tibia angle approximately 135º.
Second thigh: Inclined; long; lean, strong, well muscled.
Hock: Of medium height; lean; strong; open hock angle,
Metatarsus (Rear Pastern): Strong; short; inclined; without
Hind feet: Rounded; long toes, strong, tight and arched; short
strong nails, preferably dark; tough and firm pads.
Light trot, easy and agile movement.
Thin and tight. Mucous membranes preferably dark pigmented or always
darker than the coat.
HAIR: Two varieties: Either short and smooth or long and wire –
medium thickness; without undercoat.
The short coat is more dense than the wire coat. In the wire variety
the hair on the muzzle is longer (bearded).
COLOUR: Yellow and fawn in all shades from light to dark, with
without white markings, or white with patches of these colours.
In the Small Podengo, the following colours are accepted but not
preferred: black, brown, with or without white markings or white with
patches of these colours.
HEIGHT AND WEIGHT
Small: 20-30 cm.
Medium: 40-54 cm.
Large: 55-70 cm.
Small: 4-6 Kg.
Medium: 16-20 Kg.
Large: 20-30 Kg.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be
in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and
welfare of the dog.
Behaviour: Signs of shyness.
Cranium/Muzzle: Parallel longitudinal superior cranium-facial
Jaws: Incorrect occlusion or badly implanted teeth; pincer bite;
incomplete dentition in the large variety.
Nose: Partial lack of pigmentation.
Neck : Arched.
Body: Arched top line.
Croup: Too sloping.
Dewclaws: Their existence is not appreciated.
Coat: Silky and/or with undercoat.
Cranium/Muzzle: Convergent superior cranium-facial axes.
Nose: Total lack of pigmentation.
Belly: Too tucked up.
Behaviour: Aggressive or overly shy.
General Appearance: Signs of crossbreeding to sighthounds,
breeds or any other crossbreeding.
Jaws: Undershot or overshot.
Eyes: Of different colours.
Ears: Folded or hanging.
Colour: Brindle; black and tan; tricolour and totally white.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be
N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.